A cold or URI is a viral infection of the nose and throat. Cold viruses are spread from person to person by hand contact, and sneezing not by cold air or drafts. Healthy children get at least six colds each year. Usually, fever lasts up to 3 days, congestion and throat symptoms for one week, and cough for as long as 2 to 3 weeks.
Recommendations Viral Upper Respiratory Infections or Colds include:
For infants, you can use bulb suction and nasal saline drops if your child has trouble sleeping or eating. Our pediatricians recommend elevating the head of the crib if congestion interferes with your infant’s sleep. For children less than one year old, decongestants work poorly, but you may try ¼ to ½ teaspoon of an expectorant every six hours, as needed. A humidifier may help prevent drying of the nose. For older children, decongestants may be helpful. Some over-the-counter choices include Dimetapp, Triaminic, Sudafed and Pediacare. Using a nasal saline spray two to three times a day may also be beneficial. Call our pediatricians with questions about dosing.
Use Tylenol (acetaminophen) or Motrin (Advil, Ibuprofen) as needed for fever greater than 100.5. Soaks in a lukewarm tub may also help cool your child.
Encourage fluids, which may include formula in infants, or water, juice, milk, Pedialyte, Gatorade, popsicles, 7 UP or Sprite in older children.
Pediatric Specialists of Plano